Yvonnick Huet

Ashoka Fellow
Fellow Since 2011


Dès le milieu des années 1980, Yvonnick Huet a contribué à faire émerger une approche de l’aide au développement qui réponde localement aux enjeux économiques, sociaux et environnementaux. Focalisant ses efforts sur le développement de TPE agricoles familiales et agro-écologiques, et sur la mise en place d’un environnement porteur, cette approche offre une solution durable pour la mise en économie de populations pauvres, pour la sécurité alimentaire et la lutte contre le changement climatique.



Lancé en 1992, Agrisud agit dans 23 pays, sur 4 continents. Impacts sociaux : 49 100 TPE créées, soit 174 000 emplois et 464 000 personnes directement impactées. Impacts économiques sur l’année 2015 : 69,5 millions d’euros/an de revenus nets générés, production de 302 000 tonnes de nourriture, sécurité alimentaire améliorée. Impacts environnementaux sur l’année 2015 : 24 000 tonnes/an de carbone séquestrées. De plus, Agrisud a un effet démultiplicateur par transfert auprès de 423 ONG locales. Aujourd’hui Agrisud compte 260 collaborateurs, dont 6 au siège.



Yvonnick est né en Bretagne et suit des études d’agronomie, puis passe 7 ans dans l’humanitaire en Afrique. Il est le cofondateur et directeur général d’Agrisud International. Marié, Yvonnick a 2 filles.



This profile was prepared when Yvonnick Huet was elected to the Ashoka Fellowship in 2011.
The New Idea
In response to the lack of sufficient attention to economic dimensions in programs facilitated by traditional development organizations, in particular in French-speaking Africa, Yvonnick became one of the first to promote market-driven solutions to develop poor people’s economies. In addition to market-driven solutions, Yvonnick focuses on restoring these communities’ roles in society while also shifting the mindset of individuals so that they engage as active participants in the market. For seven years in Congo, beginning in 1984, he diverged from the traditional development practitioner approach to begin designing and piloting an unprecedented model to build local independent farming markets. Yvonnick pioneered a multidimensional approach, beginning with business creation and development in addition to farming techniques and the emergence of new institutions. At the heart of his idea is his vision to harness the potential of informal and poor workers in the surroundings of major cities. Yvonnick wants to build strong networks of micro business-minded farming entrepreneurs capable of accessing the market and competing with big agro-industrial players and imports. Supported by the state and private companies, he has successfully shaped the market, reversing the 85 percent rate of imported goods of Brazzaville’s food market into 85 percent locally-produced fruits and vegetables.

After ten years of on-the-ground experience, Yvonnick then scaled his work to other contexts that were also in need of market responses to economic crises. Throughout the 1990s he systematized his approach to build “green belts” in the surroundings of major cities in French-speaking Africa and Asia. Working hand-in-hand with grassroots organizations, ministers, and development agencies at both national and international levels, he facilitated a shift in mindset toward the support of small business. Empowering local stakeholders and encouraging the creation of national institutions on micro-entrepreneurship and agro-ecology, Yvonnick has built solid ecosystems that can ensure the sustainability and growth of his model. Now running programs in 13 countries in four continents, he has directly supported the creation of 27,500 small businesses with a great survival rate, generating 100,000 sustainable jobs and helping 250,000 people to escape poverty. Through Yvonnick’s network of “master-farmers” and trained organizations that disseminate his model, he estimates that he generates a multiplier effect ratio of 12.
The Problem
The Strategy
The Person

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