Pierre Rabhi

Ashoka Fellow
France,
Fellow Since 2009

IDÉE

Pierre Rabhi interroge l’industrialisation galopante de l’agriculture et ses pratiques intensives qui n’assurent pourtant pas l’autonomie alimentaire, et au contraire participent à la rupture du lien entre homme et nature et à l’appauvrissement des sols. Ainsi, afin de rétablir les équilibres sociaux et environnementaux, tout en permettant de nourrir durablement la planète, Pierre Rabhi créé un modèle de développement agricole et rural alternatif en s’appuyant sur les ressources locales, pour rétablir et pérenniser les équilibres naturels. Il forme des formateurs et des agriculteurs à l’agro-écologie en France et en Afrique pour permettre d’augmenter sainement la productivité agricole. Pierre Rabhi mobilise les populations et propose d’adopter des modes de vie et de consommation qui respectent l’homme et la nature.

IMPACT

Plusieurs grands projets-pilotes ont démontré l’impact social et environnemental de l’agro-écologie (Les Amanins, etc.). Aujourd’hui ce sont plus de 150 000 agriculteurs qui ont été formés en France et en Afrique de l’Ouest. Le mouvement Colibris, mouvement citoyen en marche pour changer les pratiques de tous, créé sous l’impulsion de Pierre Rabhi fédère des milliers de personnes partout en France.

QUI EST-IL ?

Pierre Rabhi est né en Algérie et rejoint la France en 1954. Après une expérience d’ouvrier dans l’industrie à Paris, il s’installe en Ardèche où il devient agriculteur et expérimente l’agroécologie. Auteur, philosophe et conférencier, il appelle à “ l’insurrection des consciences “  pour fédérer ce que l’humanité a de meilleur.

Citation

This profile was prepared when Pierre Rabhi was elected to the Ashoka Fellowship in 2009.
The New Idea
In light of accelerating environmental and social consequences of the industrialization and intensification of agriculture in France since the 1950s, Pierre has been advocating for agroecology: Sustainable and productive farming practices that empower the most disadvantaged rural communities to achieve food self-sufficiency and economic self-reliance. Since the 1960s, he has shown farmers in France and Africa that they can independently improve their practices by combining traditional and modern ecological agronomical techniques that dramatically increase agricultural yields while respecting and preserving the environment. Pierre’s hands-on, self-learning approach lets farmers understand agroecology from their own experiences, measure the economic and social value of ecological farming, and diagnose the best way to eliminate alienating industrial and chemical farming methods. In doing so, Pierre has invented a new form of North-South development aid in the agricultural sector that allows for local food self-sufficiency and embraces indigenous cultures and knowledge, as opposed to the traditional short-term and content-based aid programs, which reinforce South-North dependency and endemic poverty. To this day, Pierre has created numerous local training centers, enhanced partnerships with grassroots organizations, and created agroecological farmers networks across Africa and France to teach and implement agroecology through self-learning. Furthermore, Pierre is ensuring that farmers are valued for their knowledge and innovation to inspire and enrich the agronomical research field, providing a solid scientific and economic justification to agroecology. Beyond the agricultural sector, Pierre has united tens of thousands of citizens in local and national movements to create a social and environmental balance. Through his work, Pierre encourages citizens to develop and lead a broad range of grassroots actions and programs around key issues and values, including the right to decent living conditions, fair trade, peace-building, access to and protection of natural resources, equality of all human beings, and access to education, among others.
The Problem
The Strategy
The Person

More For You