Handojo Tjandrakusuma

Ashoka Fellow
Fellow Since 2013


This profile was prepared when Handojo Tjandrakusuma was elected to the Ashoka Fellowship in 2013.
The New Idea
The majority of Indonesia’s disabled children live in the rural areas of the nation; despite this fact, assistance for the disabled in rural areas was not available. Handojo introduced a system for community-based rehabilitation where families and other community members actively participate in the early detection and mobilization of funds in order to provide the necessary treatment and promote the inclusion of disabled (Handojo likes to use the term “diffabled,” or “differently-abled”) children in all spheres of life and activities. He integrates the new framework into existing service delivery systems so that his organization can better impact all those in need, especially those in rural areas. Handojo has made the rehabilitation services available at the community level and set up community coordinating institutions to make it sustainable.

Handojo integrates his community-based rehabilitation service into already existing Village Health Post (Posyandu) and Community Health Centers (Puskesmas). He mobilizes health providers and village health cadres to be able to conduct early detection in child development and deploy referral services. Handojo has also developed manuals for early detection diagnosis and a referral mechanism, as well as set up training for village health cadres and health professionals. Starting from a single health sector, the idea has evolved into influencing multisector change that empowers the disabled to access and benefit from education, employment, health, and social services as well as engaging people with disabilities, their families, organizations and communities, relevant government and non-government health partners, all through education, vocational, social and other services.

To further meet disabled rights to quality of life, Handojo found a new challenge in the tourism industry, which when he began working, was not at all amenable to the disabled. In early 2000, Handojo started to develop a restructuring of the tourism business platform by engaging international tourism stakeholders in a concept discussion. He established, RENA for Barrier-Free Tourism, for the disabled and the elderly. Handojo envisions a global tourism industry that has disabled-friendly infrastructures, recruits the disabled as a potential workforce and integrates new curriculum in schools of tourism on barrier-free tourism.
The Problem
The Strategy
The Person

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