Bapak Zulfikar

Ashoka Fellow
Lhokseumawe, Indonesia
Fellow Since 1998


This profile was prepared when Bapak Zulfikar was elected to the Ashoka Fellowship in 1998.
The New Idea
Zulfikar has created a model for community action in seeking justice in the face of human rights abuses, a model that is relevant for all parts of the country. It is a grassroots approach to the solution of human rights problems. He uses a number of covers (income generation, environmental issues) in group formation among the widows, as inroads to empower them to document and then speak out about the human rights violations. A particular new aspect is his strategy of organizing the women to build a shop for their group, to form a structure that has both physical and abstract meanings for the group. In abstract terms it is a kind of cell, a group structure whose solidarity is symbolized by the building itself, and one that will outlive the goods sold in the shop.
The Problem
The Strategy
The Person

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