Ashoka, with the support of the Citi Foundation, sought to understand how female social entrepreneurs lead and innovate, and how these insights could help more women and girls drive positive social change. Through a mapping of diverse women social entrepreneurs in Ashoka’s network—the largest in the world—this research offers an analysis of the barriers and opportunities related to women’s leadership in social innovation, and a roadmap for how the social entrepreneur, business, and donor communities can create enabling environments for women and girls to succeed as changemakers: people who take creative action to solve social problems for the benefit of all.